Standard Purge

Standard purging is the most common form of mechanical purging. It is used to ensure the health and cleanliness of the Filament Maker. This article features the purging material, preparations, and step by step guide to a regular Standard purge.

Article Overview

DevoClean MT


Step by step

DevoClean MT

(Mid-Temperature, or MidTemp, or MT)

DevoClean MT is the purging material used for Standard purging. It can generally be used for any situation and material as long as it stays within its temperature range of 190-320°C. It is also perfectly fine to leave in the machine after shutting down. 

The good

DevoClean Mid-Temperature is based on HDPE. In addition, DevoClean MT has certain materials “grafted” on the existing polymer, which basically means that the HDPE gets synthesized and enhanced by adding specific chemicals. This blend of HDPE for example has a very favorable melt viscosity for purging all the way up to its decomposition (burning) point of 320°C. This is in contrast to pure HDPE which has a decrease in melt viscosity above 280°C. 

The bad

The disadvantage of this is that it is also harder to extrude out of the machine when starting with a new material. With DevoClean MT, the transition to a new material often takes quite long and a lot of new material needs to be extruded before the DevoClean MT is fully removed from the machine.

The solution

To speed up the transition to a new material, it is recommended to purge out the DevoClean MT with HDPE. The transition to a new material is way faster when starting with HDPE in the extruder, because the melt viscosity is much lower. This is especially the case when going back to PLA.

Here's an example of what that would look with a Standard Purge after extruding PLA.

Standard Purge, HDPEFigure 1. 


DevoClean Mid-Temperature as well as HDPE Flush can be found on the 3devo Shop.

To sum up

Advantages of Standard purging
using DevoClean MT
Disadvantages of Standard purging
using DevoClean MT
performs very well purging out additive-filled
materials, especially colorants
not suitable for high temperature
materials such as PEEK
can be used for any material within the
temperature range of 190-320 °C
slow transition to the next material
leaving it in the extruder for a long time after the machine is shut down has a great cleaning
effect and enhances the screw’s life span
can produce a lot of smoke when extruded
at a high temperature and high RPM


Before purging your extruder, there are a few preparation steps that should be taken for safety. This is the same for both a Standard and Heavy purge.

  1. Gathering
    The first step is gathering all the necessary tools, materials and information for the purging process. These are:
    • at least 350 grams of purging material, however this will depend on:
      • the type of purging you are running
      • the type of material that needs to be purged out of the machine
      • the machine’s state
    • a piece of paper or cardboard
    • tape
    • multitool (or a side cutter and pincers)
  2. Ventilation
    Make sure that the area is properly ventilated. A fume hood is also highly recommended to guarantee your safety, especially with Heavy purges. Wearing a gas mask is also a good option.
  3. Sensors
    Turn off the hopper sensor in the "Settings" menu, so the hopper can be run completely empty before putting in the purging material. Do this by setting "off" under "Hopper empty check".
  4. Fans
    Turn off the filament fans by setting the "Filament fan speed" to 0% in the "Settings" menu, and point them as in the picture below.
  5. Cardboard
    Cover the filament sensor with the piece of paper or cardboard and hold it in place with a piece of tape.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_03Setup of the filament maker for a purging run


Do not shut down the machine before the purging process is completed.

Step by Step

After preparations are complete, the purging process can begin.

If you're familiar with Disco Purging, go ahead and introduce it to your regular practice of purging. We recommend you perfect the process below first, before adding that method. 

The first steps (Steps 1-6) are identical between Standard and Heavy purge with different purging materials. 

Steps Overview

Step 1: Almost empty hopper

Step 2: Small amount of purging material

Step 3: Purging

Step 4: Large amount of purging material

Step 5: Evidence of purging

Step 6: Finish purging

Optional extra step

Step 7: Purge DevoClean MT with HDPE and Finish purging

Step 1: Almost empty hopper

Let the hopper run empty, until there is few to no granulate of the previous material inside the hopper.


Make sure that the hopper does not remain completely empty for more than approx. 3 minutes.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_04Almost empty hopper: the moment to put in the purging material.

Step 2: Small amount of purging material

Put in a small portion around 60 grams of purging material, so more of the previous material can be flushed out of the hopper and the feeding section of the screw.

Temperature settings don’t need to be changed as long as it is within the range of your purging material’s extruding temperature.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_05First (small) portion of purging material.

Step 3: Purging

Wait for the small portion of purging material to be flushed away by the extruder. This might take around 15 minutes, but can be more or less. 

Step 4: Large amount of purging material

When few to no granulate is left, put in the next portion of purging material, around 200 grams.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_06

Second, larger, portion of cleaning material.

Step 5: Evidence of purging

Remember, the point of purging is to get rid of the material that was previously used. This can be visibly seen in the extrusion.

When the purging material is coming out of the extruder, usually mixed with the previous material, proceed to the next step. This is usually clearly visible as the structure, color, and surface smoothness of the filament changes.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_07

First signs of cleaning material coming out of the extruder.


  • if the change in the extrusion is still not visible after 15-20 minutes (from the moment the first small portion was put in the hopper) increase the temperatures of all heaters with 20°C.
  • If this still doesn’t work, increase the screw speed to 10 RPM to give the flow a boost. As soon as the flow is back, decrease to the original RPM.

Step 6: Finish purging

After 10 minutes, see if the extruded purging material still contains old material or other contamination.

The first picture below shows an example where the machine is clean as there is only pure purging material (in this case: HDPE) is coming out of the extruder. 

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_08

The second picture shows the opposite and requires longer cleaning. 

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_09


DevoClean MT can be left in the machine after shutdown as this has a positive effect on the screw’s lifespan. And you're done!


Optional extra step

Transitioning to a new material with DevoClean MT can take a long time. To speed this up, DevoClean MT can be purged out using HDPE.

Doing this is highly recommended if you are planning to do another test soon.

Step 7: Purge DevoClean MT with HDPE and Finish purging

If you wish to extrude new filament again, and Step 6 has been completed, and the extruder is clean, then the machine can be purged with HDPE to speed up the transitioning process.

To do this:

  1. set all heaters to 240°C
  2. wait until the hopper is completely empty just as in Step 1
  3. follow the steps of the purging process again starting at Step 2

Below is an example of this process near its finish. A few spots of old DevoClean MT are still visible, so the HDPE purge can continue for a few more minutes. Usually the total transition from DevoClean MT to pure HDPE takes around 25 minutes and 250-500 grams of HDPE granulate.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_10Almost pure HDPE, with a few spots of old DevoClean MT

Once there is clear HDPE coming out of the nozzle, without white spots/flakes of the DevoClean MT, then the machine is clean enough and ready for the next material.


HDPE can also be left in the Filament Maker in preparation for the next use.

To understand how Disco Purge fits into all this, head to its dedicated article. 

Know the practice, but not the theory? Have a look at What is Purging? .