Heavy Purge

Heavy purging is used when a high temperature engineering polymer (above 290°C) has been extruded by your Filament Maker and it has to be removed from the machine. Below are the details for the purging material, preparations, and step by step guide.

Article Overview

DevoClean HT



Step by step

DevoClean HT

(High-Temperature, or HighTemp, or HT)

Heavy purge is done with DevoClean High-Temperature (290-420°C), which is the most powerful high temperature grade for hard-to-clean materials. 

The good

Devoclean HT is a purging material built up in basically the same manner as DevoClean MidTemp, but based on different materials and with the additive of glass fiber to enhance stresses and cleaning ability.

DevoClean HT be used for any situation and material as long as it stays within its temperature range of 290-420°C.

The limit

It may not stay in a hot extruder for longer than half an hour (30 minutes), and cannot be left in your Filament Maker after shutdown.

The solution

This automatically requires DevoClean High-Temperature to be purged out of the machine using DevoClean Mid-Temperature. The figure below is an illustration that helps visualize the whole process of transitioning up to +300℃ temperatures, extruding the high temperature processing material, and back down to the safe zone. 

Heavy Purge, plus ht mat - narrow-1

Figure 1. 

step 1: safe transition from MT to HT to be able to extrude at +300℃ temperatures

step 2: introduce the high temp processing material

step 3: when finished with processing material, purge it out with HT

step 4: transition down to MT to be able to safely switch off FM

This is also why, when transitioning in the safe window, we must make sure that the transition is complete! This means that we wait for at least 10 minutes, and confirm visually that only one material is remaining in the barrel. 

If not familiar with the ins and outs of transitioning from one material to the next, have a look at our dedicated article that helps illustrate the associated issues and recommended solutions.

DevoClean High-Temperature as well as DevoClean Mid-Temperature can be found on the 3devo Shop.

To sum up

Advantages of Heavy purging
using DevoClean HT
Disadvantages of Heavy purging
using DevoClean HT
very suitable for high temperature /
super-engineering materials
such as PEEK or PEKK
cannot be left in a hot extruder
(when the screw is not turning) for
longer than 30 minutes 
can be used for any material within the
temperature range of 290-420°C
cannot be left in extruder
after shutdown
performs very well purging out
any additive filled materials
relatively expensive
relatively low smoke and odor production  


High Temperature materials have a high risk of clogging the machine if they are not introduced or extruded properly. This is the same for DevoClean HighTemp. 

If the machine is clogged, the screw might stop turning too, and the machine will display an error message. 'Extruder motor or encoder error'. At this point the only option is usually an intense repair which might delay your project. Therefore it is crucial to avoid clogging! 


Before purging your extruder, there are a few preparation steps that should be taken for safety. This is the same for both a Standard and Heavy purge.

  1. Gathering
    The first step is gathering all the necessary tools, materials and information for the purging process. These are:
    • at least 350 grams of purging material, however this will depend on:
      • which level of purging you are using
      • the type of material that needs to be purged out of the machine
      • and the machine’s state
    • a piece of paper or cardboard
    • tape
    • multitool (or a side cutter and pincers)
  2. Ventilation
    Make sure that the area is properly ventilated. A fume hood is also highly recommended to guarantee your safety, especially with Heavy purges. Wearing a gas mask is also a good option.
  3. Sensors
    Turn off the hopper sensor in the "Settings" menu, so the hopper can be run completely empty before putting in the purging material. Do this by setting "off" under "Hopper empty check".
  4. Fans
    Turn off the filament fans by setting the "Filament fan speed" to 0% in the "Settings" menu, and point them as in the picture below.
  5. Cardboard
    Cover the filament sensor with the piece of paper or cardboard and hold it in place with a piece of tape.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_03Setup of the filament maker for a purging run.


Do not shut down the machine before the purging process is completed.

Step by step

After preparations are complete, the purging process can begin.

If you're familiar with Disco Purging, go ahead and introduce it to your regular practice of purging. We recommend you perfect the Standard Purging process first, before adding this method. 

The first steps (Steps 1-6) are identical between Standard and Heavy purge with different purging materials.

Steps Overview

Step 1: Almost empty hopper

Step 2: Small amount of purging material

Step 3: Purging

Step 4: Large amount of purging material

Step 5: Evidence of purging

Step 6: Purge HighTemp with MidTemp and Finish purging

Step 1: Almost empty hopper

Let the hopper run empty, until there is few to no granulate of the previous material inside the hopper.


Make sure that the hopper does not remain completely empty for more than approx. 3 minutes.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_04Almost empty hopper: the moment to put in the purging material.

Step 2: Small amount of purging material

Put in a small portion around 60 grams of purging material, so more of the previous material can be flushed out of the hopper and the feeding section of the screw.

Temperature settings don’t need to be changed as long as it is within the range of your purging material’s extruding temperature.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_05First (small) portion of purging material.

Step 3: Purging

Wait for the small portion of purging material to be flushed away by the extruder. This might take around 15 minutes, but can be more or less. 

Step 4: Large amount of purging material

When few to no granulate is left, put in the next portion of purging material, around 200 grams.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_06

Second, larger, portion of cleaning material.

Step 5: Evidence of purging

Remember, the point of purging is to get rid of the material that was previously used. This can be visibly seen in the extrusion.

When the purging material is coming out of the extruder, usually mixed with the previous material, proceed to the next step. This is usually clearly visible as the structure, color, and surface smoothness of the filament changes.

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_07

First signs of cleaning material coming out of the extruder.


  • if the change in the extrusion is still not visible after 15-20 minutes (from the moment the first small portion was put in the hopper) increase the temperatures of all heaters with 20°C.
  • If this still doesn’t work, increase the screw speed to 10 RPM to give the flow a boost. As soon as the flow is back, decrease to the original RPM.

Step 6: Purge DevoClean HT with DevoClean MT and Finish purging

After 10 minutes, see if the extruded purging material still contains old material or other contamination.

The first picture below shows an example where the machine is clean as there is only pure purging material (in this case: HDPE) is coming out of the extruder. 

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_08

The second picture shows the opposite and requires longer cleaning. 

Guide purging cleaning the Filament Maker - Full version_09


DevoClean High-Temperature must be removed from the Filament Maker after it has been used as a purging material. This can be done using DevoClean Mid-Temperature.

To do this:

  1. set all heaters to 300°C
  2. wait until the hopper is completely empty just as in Step 1
  3. follow the steps of the purging process again starting at Step 2 with DevoClean Mid-Temperature

After around 25 minutes and 250 grams of DevoClean Mid-Temperature, this process should be completed and the DevoClean High-Temperature will probably be fully removed from the machine. 


DevoClean Mid-Temperature can be left in the machine after shutdown as this has a positive effect on the screw’s lifespan.

Your Filament Maker should now be completely clean again and ready for the next extrusion run.

To understand how Disco Purge fits into all this, head to its dedicated article. 

Know the practice, but not the theory? Have a look at What is Purging? .